Pleiotropic effects of inactivating a carboxyl-terminal protease
For example, the Marfan gene is pleiotropic, potentially causing such diverse effects as long fingers and toes (arachnodactyly), dislocation of the lens of the eye, and dissecting aneurysm of the aorta. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE These pleiotropic actions include direct effects on vascular tissue, kidney, bone, and glucose metabolism. The mechanism underlying some of these pleiotropic effects is the inhibition of isoprenoid synthesis by statins, which leads to the inhibition of intracellular signaling molecules Rho, Rac and Cdc42. Overall, the novel pleiotropic effect of mdivi-1 in cardiomyocytes included proteolytically cleaved L-OPA1, altered expression of OXPHOS complex proteins, and increased superoxide production, which together resulted in defects in mitochondrial respiration and inhibition of macro-autophagy.
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The term is often used to refer to a single gene defect that is expressed as problems in multiple systems of the body, such as in osteogenesis imperfecta, where the gene causes defects in several different systems that contain collagen. 2014-04-08 Pleiotropic effects of HIF-1 blockade on tumor radiosensitivity. Moeller BJ(1), Dreher MR, Rabbani ZN, Schroeder T, Cao Y, Li CY, Dewhirst MW. Author information: (1)Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. 2020-06-06 PLEIOTROPIC EFFECTS OF STATINS Dr.RENJU.S.RAVI MD 2. Cholesterol Cholesterol is an essential component of cell membranes and is the immediate precursor of steroid hormones and bile acids.
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Pleiotropic effects of GIP on islet function involve osteopontin. Effects of exercise on muscle glycogen synthesis signalling and enzyme activites in pigs Cassandra thinks that genes like these with complex histories and pleiotropic effects might be very common in living systems, much more than longstanding one Environment-dependent pleiotropic effects of mutations on the maximum growth rate r and carrying capacity k of population growth>Maximum growth rate per 9 dec. 2019 — Orion has studied the effects of oral levosimendan on respiratory ALS, a number of other pleiotropic effects of the drug raise some intriguing The effect of a fibre supplement compared to a healthy diet on body composition, lipids, Pleiotropic effects of ezetimibe/simvastatin vs. high dose simvastatin.
SmeA, a small membrane protei... - SwePub
16 okt. 2018 — Despite their glucose-lowering ability, pleiotropic effects and potential cardioprotective outcomes, the place of SGLT2 inhibitors in the Mouse Interleukin-4(IL-4) is a monomeric, Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses. It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains Pleiotropic effects.
MECHANISM OF ACTION, AND PLEIOTROPIC EFFECTS Sylvia Christakos, Puneet Dhawan, Annemieke Verstuyf, Lieve Verlinden, and Geert Carmeliet Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey; and Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental
Pleiotropy occurs when one gene influences two or more seemingly unrelated phenotypic traits. Such a gene that exhibits multiple phenotypic expression is called a pleiotropic gene. Mutation in a pleiotropic gene may have an effect on several traits simultaneously, due to the gene coding for a product used by a myriad of cells or different targets that have the same signaling function. Pleiotropy can arise from several distinct but potentially overlapping mechanisms, such as gene
The pleiotropic effects attributed to statins are many. 1,2 They include increases in endothelial nitric oxide formation; flow-mediated vascular dilatation; suppression of vascular inflammation; reduction of circulating biomarkers that indicate inflammation (such as C-reactive protein); a reduction in T-cell activation with a decrease in cytokines; promotion of neovascularization in ischemic tissue; and modulation of thrombosis and coagulation.
The term is often used to refer to a single gene defect that is expressed as problems in multiple systems of the body, such as in osteogenesis imperfecta, where the gene causes defects in several different systems that contain collagen. Definition of pleiotropic. : producing more than one effect especially : having multiple phenotypic expressions a pleiotropic gene. An antagonistically pleiotropic gene can be selected for if it has beneficial effects in early life while having its negative effects in later life because genes tend to have larger impacts on fitness in an organism's prime than in their old age. An example of this is testosterone levels in male humans.
MC Soares, R Mazzei, SC Cardoso, C Ramos, R Bshary. Scientific reports 9 (1), 1-10, 2019. Research has indicated that statins also possess some pleiotropic effects that are independent of the cholesterol lowering properties. It is thought that the
studies (GWAS) have been associated with risks of multiple cancer sites, suggesting pleiotropic effects.
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Differential Effects of Lipid-lowering Drugs in Modulating
Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 186, (7) : 2074-2084. Östberg, Yngve that limit infection, these cytokines are recognized for their pleiotropic effects, to assess T1-IFN-mediated effects on auto-reactive CTL responses, and to universitet.
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Molecular recognition of parathyroid hormone by its G protein
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html. Skapa Stäng. Pleiotropic effects of inactivating a carboxyl-terminal protease, CtpA, in Borrelia burgdorferi av AC Karlsson · 2014 — The results from this thesis suggest that a mutation in the PMEL17 and TSHR genes have pleiotropic effects on behaviour and traits related to Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic Effects.
2018-12-14 MCP also reduces fibrosis to the kidney, liver, and adipose tissue. Other benefits of MCP include detoxification and improved immune function. This review summarizes the pleiotropic effects of MCP. Keywords: cancer; cardiovascular; fibrosis; galectin; inflammation; pectasol. 2019-07-11 The pleiotropic effects of IGF-1 and insulin on cellular metabolism, mitogenesis, apoptosis, and survival and cytodifferentiation are mediated by a complex network of intracellular signaling pathways . Signaling is initiated by ligand-specific activation of cell surface receptors with … Definition of pleiotropic. : producing more than one effect especially : having multiple phenotypic expressions a pleiotropic gene.